04/12/2019. Es cuestión de pura supervivencia nacional que los partidos leales a la Constitución comprendan la peculiar idiosincrasia de las formaciones nacionalistas; adviertan los efectos que en el sistema político español ha desplegado a lo largo de cuarenta años su influencia desmesurada; y obren, por fin, en consecuencia.
28/11/2019. Europe has made the circular economy one of its political priorities and Spain is committed to moving in this direction. This FAES Paper gathers reflections and recommendations on the challenges and opportunities that underlie this paradigm shift.
25/11/2019. The United States is embarking on its fourth impeachment investigation. This Papers explain its origins, its conception under the premise of not being initiated by legal crime, but by a political one against the people, and not being a partisan tool to attack an adversary. The truth is that impeachment is a negation of the democratic electoral regime: the legislature decides to reverse the “will of the people” by removing the elected president.
21/11/2019. 2019 llega a su fin caracterizado por una desaceleración en las principales zonas económicas del mundo, si bien los indicadores alejan una recesión inminente. En este contexto el caso de España merece especial mención, ensombrecido por los posibles acuerdos entre izquierda y extrema izquierda. La preocupación que genera la apuesta por el populismo macroeconómico, unida a la situación fiscal y a la insostenibilidad de la deuda pública, llevan al profesor del IE Business School Ignacio Muñoz-Alonso a alertar de la comprometida situación en la que quedaría España para afrontar la desaceleración.
15/11/2019. La profesora Mira Milosevich, el exdiputado Miguel Ángel Cortés, el embajador Javier Rupérez y los profesores Florentino Portero y Jorge del Palacio dialogan sobre la Europa de hace 30 años y los cambios políticos y sociológicos producidos en las sociedades occidentales desde el derribo del Muro de Berlín, del que se cumple el trigésimo aniversario.
15/11/2019. The violence has led Chile to a climate of ungovernability under which lies the intention to undermine the foundations of the Republic by demanding a Constituent Assembly. The ruling party seeks to make possible a new social pact with broad citizen participation, but the 'ball' is in the court of the left.
13/11/2019. The new stage should include all sectors of civil society and the parties to promote a proposal for a country that complies with the ideas of freedom, democracy and the rule of law, which have been absent from the political scene for the past fourteen years.
14/11/2019. With the backdrop of an accelerating economic slowdown, the curtain has been raised for us to see the spectacle of two politicians paired by their ambition and weakness. They star in a play between entanglement and drama. What has little mystery is the outcome. It will end badly, even if not soon.
08/11/2019. FAES ha conmemorado el 30 aniversario del derribo del Muro de Berlín haciendo públicos una serie de testimonios de diversas personalidades de la política, la economía, la diplomacia y la academia, tanto españoles como extranjeros. Doce voces que corroboran que el Muro de Berlín no se cayó, sino que fue derrumbado por quienes lucharon por la libertad en lo que fue un triunfo de la democracia liberal como sistema ético, político y económico superior al totalitarismo comunista. Y alertan, además, de las nuevas amenazas y desafíos que enfrentan hoy las democracias de mano de las mismas fuerzas totalitarias.
08/11/2019. "The tearing down of the Berlin Wall represented the end of a story, but History has followed, and it is up to us to ensure that that story that follows, that of all, can continue to be written in terms of freedom".
07/11/2019. With the fall of the wall, it opened a time of extraordinary optimism, a time for freedom. A time that some said was the end of history. We did not imagine that it would bring new challenges to freedom in every corner of the earth.
07/11/2019. "Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the challenges have not been overcome and in some EU states the rule of law is being questioned. The EU is more than a provider of funds; it is a space of shared values”.
05/11/2019. "The fall of the Berlin Wall must remind us that the walls of authoritarianism can be destroyed and democracy and freedom can be extended", assures the director of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung for Spain and Portugal, Wilhelm Hofmeister. "Today new walls against freedom and democracy are being built and all democrats must fight against it," he adds.
05/11/2019. "I can appreciate what children of luckier nations than Hungary take for granted: to live in a sovereign country, without foreign occupation, in freedom and democracy. We Hungarians had to fight for all this. I am very proud to be heir to those who have fought for freedom and had the courage to face a left-wing dictatorial totalitarian regime".
04/11/2019. The collapse of the Berlin Wall had important consequences for the world economy, fundamentally the end of the alternative to capitalism; the end of the socialist model as a competitive and equal alternative. An economic model that does not produce equality or prosperity.
01/11/2019. Chile’s ambassador to Spain, Roberto Ampuero, lived in exile in the GDR. “Not even through the mechanism of repression that the Berlin Wall meant, socialism could impose itself. Freedom triumphed”, recalls 30 years later.
30/10/2019. "30 years after the collapse of the Berlin Wall it has been demonstrated that there was no end of ideologies; neither was there an end of history. The collapse of communism did not mean an automatic victory for democracy".
29/10/2019. "With the Wall a whole system fell: Marxism-Leninism, state socialism, and the GDR itself, the country that never existed"
29/10/2019. They both explain why Spain endures more than other countries and where its main vulnerabilities reside with the economic growth both worldwide and Spanish revised downwards. What must be done to mitigate the foreseeable crisis's effect?
28/10/2019. "We commemorate a great triumph of freedom and we have much to celebrate, but we must also begin an era of being very alert in defence of our free and open societies”.
22/10/2019. A broad analysis of Brexit should include three interconnected dimensions: a crisis of a legal-constitutional nature, a crisis of parties and political representativeness, and a third socio-economic dimension. Thus, the British are facing a process of constitutional readjustment that aligns their institutions with a different political, economic and cultural reality; and they are doing so in an intense debate, exposed to the light and inelegant.
15/10/2019. The ruling of the Supreme Court offers subject matter for detailed consideration and also for disagreement. The effective enforcement of sentences without benefits is an essential question of the credibility of the democratic legal order. The judgement also raises questions to be addressed in the future: there are matters of legislative policy that must be addressed in order to update the means at the disposal of the rule of law to ensure its integrity.
16/10/2019. El próximo domingo Bolivia decide su futuro y pondrá en evidencia el daño profundo ocasionado por los gobiernos populistas. A pesar de que los bolivianos se opusieron mayoritariamente a la reforma constitucional que habilitaría la reeleción consecutiva indefinida, Evo Morales vuelve a presentarse.
14/10/2019. La posición de Lenin Moreno era lo correcto, porque los subsidios son un lujo que Ecuador no puede sostener, pero se equivocó en su estrategia. Ahora busca solucionar la crisis dialogando con los líderes indígenas, aunque no es seguro que un acuerdo calme las aguas. Nada está dicho aún.
09/10/2019. In Catalonia there is a routine 'kale borroka' that is perceived in the propaganda of the independentist media, the psychological pressures, the insults, the yellow ties, the tweets, the whatsapp messages; the torchlight processions that recall the supremacist movements. And what does the 'revolución de las sonrisas' say in? Some keep quiet. Others show exquisite prudence. And the pro-independence groups of the Parliament of Catalonia and the President of the Generalitat pull the detainees shouting "freedom". The author of this #PapelesFAES asserts is a symptom of a sick society.
08/10/2019. The president must face a difficult macroeconomic situation and the Venezuelan diaspora with a divided nation. And he must do it without having political majorities And responding to the legitimate demands of an left-wing political opposition that demands compliance with agreements with narco-terrorism unfeasible from the outset.
07/10/2019. El origen de la actual crisis en Albania es político. La polarización se intensificó en primavera con las protestas de la oposición. Las elecciones locales el 13 de octubre de 2019 serán un salvoconducto en vistas de la decisión de la UE sobre la ampliación.
30/09/2019. El exministro de Economía Román Escolano y el exgobernador del Banco de España Luis María Linde han intercambiado opiniones sobre la actual coyuntura económica de la zona euro y su grado de preparación ante una posible recesión. Ambos analizan si con la lección aprendida de la crisis del año 2009 y a través de reformas se han corregido los errores de diseño institucional y de integración bancaria que atenazan a la UE.
26/09/2019. La amenaza del 'impeachment' abre en la vida americana, y en la esfera global, un nuevo elemento de peligrosa inestabilidad. Aunque muchos mantengan, y no les falte razón, que el principal responsable no es otro que Trump.
24/09/2019. "It is important for the European Union to maintain its commitment to what was said more than 10 years ago about these countries becoming members", Vejvoda said during his speech at the FAES seminar ‘The Balkan countries: future members of the EU?’.
02/10/2019. A politician with many edges and several public faces, was the best example of what the French expect from their president. He was the last son of a great generation of politicians who quote to the rise before the smallness of their successors. A world died with him, but France must continue as a bastion of how exceptional the European model has for the world.
19/09/2019. La mejor opción para Israel es un gobierno estable y con el máximo apoyo posible, alineado con los intereses nacionales y sin el lastre de partidos minoritarios. Esto puede ser también lo mejor para España: un gobierno con apoyo mayoritario, provisto de una agenda nacional y sin hipotecas imposibles de asumir.
13/09/2019. “El BCE confirma el tono expansionista de su política monetaria como reacción a una situación de deterioro económico peor que la prevista. Ahora tienen que tomar el relevo las políticas estructurales, y dentro de ellas, la unión bancaria es la pieza fundamental”. Esta es la valoración conjunta que el exministro de Economía Román Escolano y el exgobernador del Banco de España Luis Linde hacen sobre el paquete de medidas anunciadas por el presidente del Banco Central Europeo, Mario Dragui.
10/09/2019. Parece evidente que la clase política italiana (que en otras cuestiones cierto es que deja bastante que desear) ha dejado muy en evidencia a la española: mientras ellos son capaces de realizar en solo año y medio dos pactos que parecían casi imposibles, los nuestros sólo son capaces de ofrecer bloqueo y repetición de elecciones.
09/09/2019. El Partido Socialista portugués alcanzó el gobierno en 2015 con el apoyo parlamentario del Partido Comunista Portugués y el Bloco de Esquerda. Hoy, más allá de lo inédito de la situación, las diferencias entre los partidos de la izquierda portuguesa son tan profundas que la idea de un reencuentro en una política concertada parece poco menos que imposible.
20/08/2019. La aplicación de la ley por parte de quienes tienen el deber de hacerlo tiene que garantizar los derechos de las víctimas. Y si ese deber no se cumple, las autoridades que ignoren sus obligaciones habrían de enfrentarse a las responsabilidades derivadas de ese incumplimiento, también cuando se trata de inaceptable pasividad. ¿A qué espera el delegado del Gobierno en el País Vasco para “cambiar la brújula”?
16/08/2019. Isabel Díaz Ayuso y el conjunto del Partido Popular tienen en Madrid razones fundadas para la esperanza, pero sólo a condición de que se mantengan los niveles más exigentes de competencia y transparencia en la gestión pública, se fortalezca la conexión con los ciudadanos en forma de oportunidades y se transmita esa tensión renovadora que la nueva presidenta representa cumplidamente.
29/07/2019. Entregar la llave del gobierno navarro a Bildu es un acto de profunda deslealtad que marca una grave quiebra política del socialismo. El PSOE ha hecho de la alianza con los nacionalismos, incluido el secesionismo, su fórmula de gobierno. Este es el PSOE que hay y conviene recordarlo. Parece claro que este pacto ciega toda posibilidad razonable que pudiera existir de que el PP facilite la investidura de Pedro Sánchez.
29/07/2019. Doscientos millones de dólares ha costado la jarana de Maduro con la izquierda trasnochada, en un intento de vender que su dictadura tiene apoyo en el mundo. Por cuestiones como esa, el Foro de Sao Paulo representa lo peor de la corrupción, el autoritarismo, el sufrimiento del pueblo y el fin de la democracia.
26/07/2019. La sesión de investidura ha puesto de manifiesto los límites de una estrategia tejida con éxito para ganar el poder pero claramente incapaz de aportar un gobierno para España. Por intensos que puedan ser los fogonazos de los radicales, el futuro de nuestro país convoca a la moderación, al encuentro y al acuerdo en el marco de la Constitución. Tal vez Sánchez pueda esperar, pero España ya no.
23/07/2019. Sin margen para la sorpresa, el Partido Conservador ha elegido a Boris Johnson como nuevo líder para sustituir a Theresa May. La victoria de Johnson ha sido concluyente y le conduce cómodamente a Downing Street. El Reino Unido profundiza en el error del brexit y abre un panorama aún más inquietante sobre los términos en que tendrá lugar la salida de este país de la Unión Europea.
17/07/2019. El TC establece la interpretación auténtica del art. 155 CE. Ha hecho pedagogía constitucional desde la unanimidad, y queda sentado que nunca una CC.AA. puede pretender sobreponerse sobre la Constitución o situarse al margen de la misma.
12/07/2019. El nuevo gobierno griego de Kyriakos Mitsotakis se enfrenta a muchos retos y su aplastante victoria no cambia el hecho de que la necesidad de reformas profundas en el país es ahora más evidente que nunca.
08/07/2019. Las presidenciales no dan las debidas garantías de transparencia, empezando por la violación de todo control institucional para que Morales sea habilitado como candidato en lo que sería su tercera reelección. El gobierno ha trabajado bajo la ley del ‘mínimo esfuerzo’ y el clientelismo político a favor de sus intereses populistas sin que importe la institucionalidad.
18/06/2019. The EU is still a great political project that has to be strengthened in political, economic and strategic terms. Around this axis the conversation flows among the FAES Head, Javier Zarzalejos, the former Foreign Affairs Minister Ana Palacio, and the ESADE professor José María de Areilza about the new stage in the EU, in which politics are going to weigh more than law, and which implies an opportunity that Spain must take advantage.
13/06/2019. The only fault resides in a Catalan independentism that is featured by the institutional and constitutional disloyalty, as well as by the systematic incompliance with the democratic lawfulness. And the ones who are in jail are there ─the justice will have the last say─ as a consequence of their faulty acts. Illegal and antidemocratic.
10/06/2019. Rather than celebrating populism’s containment, MEPs must instead prepare to dampen its influence by responding to the genuine concerns of their citizens, reducing elitist inclinations, and opposing radical rhetoric.
04/06/2019. Nicco Mele, Head of the Shorenstein Center on Media Politics and Public Policy from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, has discoursed about the impact of the digital revolution on the political campaigns and how it raises new challenges for democracy, in this FAES #Videoanalysis before the seminary organised by the Foundation and the US Embassy.
17/05/2019. Israel asistirá con toda probabilidad a una nueva investidura como primer ministro de Benjamin Netanyahu, quien tendrá que hacer frente a cuestiones de profunda división en el pais.
14/05/2019. The dogmatic prejudice about the ‘remunicipalisation of public services’ satisfies the left, and that makes it necessary to untangle the lies and move forward to a public-private collaboration model.
14/05/2019. This FAES Paper untangles the clichés about efficiency and employability around the idea of ‘remunicipalising’ services, and it explains the European regulatory framework in terms of public concession contracts.
13/05/2019. Este no es momento para divisiones ni de 'elecciones de segundo orden'. Es la hora de aprender la lección que nos ha enseñado España: cada vez que estamos divididos, perdemos ante el populismo.
01/05/2019. Since it is the turn of the ‘Freedom Operation’, Venezuela is calling the honourable military officers to restore the dignity of the military institution and, with it, the dignity of a country that still has everything to become one of the most prosperous nations of Latin America.
29/04/2019. Neither options are exchangeable, nor does it make no difference to vote for one or the other, simply because fragmentation does not add up and will not add up. If we continue in this situation, let no one be deceived because the same thing will happen.
11/04/2019. Israeli voters have balance between the ‘heavy hand’ in terms of security and a slightly intervened economy (Likud) and a stick and carrot policy in terms of security and a less liberal economic view (Kahol-Lavan).
10/04/2019. There is a party that still does not condemn ETA's crimes, that has not apologised to its victims, nor has it declared the injustice of the damage caused. What should be of most concern is the moral bewilderment, in the face of those who still today, with a scandalous normality, act as executors of the perverse legacy of terrorism.
04/04/2019. If these elections are carried out without talking about the economy, as Sanchez's government pretends, it will be a democratic fraud like that of 2008, taking into account the promises made and the results obtained.
03/04/2019. Zelensky is a populist without a politic or economic program who has arrived to the victory by promising the usual in Ukraine: to end up with the nepotism, corruption and impunity; to overcome the economic stagnation and break free from the interdependence with Russia.
27/03/2019. Brexit seems to have acquired a life of its own and feeds on the deep disagreement between the political forces, the internal division, the lack of leadership and the territorial gap. The problem is not Brussels but the political debacle that the Brexit has triggered.
25/03/2019. The energy transition provides Spain with many opportunities and it should lead to a leap in the competitiveness with certainty from the political consensus and intelligent planning.
18/03/2019. "Liberal and inclusive republicanism grows and dies with Lerroux," explains Roberto Villa García, the author of the book, in this #DiálogosFAES with Professor Luis Arranz Notario.
08/03/2019. The ECB's announcement to postpone the increase of interest rates 'at least' until the end of the year coincides with Professor Ignacio Muñoz Alonso's analysis: there is a sense of ‘injury time’ between agents and operators.
04/03/2019. The Banking Union lacks a supplied, mutualised and completely alienated from political decition-making, payment guarantee procedure. Whilst that fund is not culminated, member states will not be able to exploit the full potential of the euro.
28/02/2019. After decades of suffering terrorism, of success and sacrifices, of failures and learnt lessons, the irresponsible political exploitation continues to be used in such a critical area for our society and security. And this is an urgent challenge for the next Government.
26/02/2019. Acts against Jews have increased a 74% in the last year, and radical left and Islam are the bases of this new antisemitism which calls itself anti-Zionism. But anti-Zionism does not exist: the attacks are targeting the entire Jewish population.
25/02/2019. The government has broken the record of approval of decree-laws and will continue to do so with the dissolved Chambers. The fact that the government is allowed to do so does not conceal the fact that restrictions and precautions in this regard must be extreme during the electoral period.
21/02/2019. Those who hoped that the new Magna Carta would open spaces for democratic transition will be greatly disappointed, because it maintains the communist rhetoric and gear of the dictatorship. Since international observers are not allowed, we already know beforehand what the result of the constitutional referendum.
18/02/2019. The European Union is fragmented and divided. The treaty recently signed by France and Germany represents a new step in bilateral relations, but it should not convey the image of a duumvirate: the agreement represents an insufficient meeting point to develop the European project.
13/02/2019. Trump's immigration policy does not seem to have much to do with real politics, but with electoral satisfaction for 2020. While isolationism has always been present in the U.S. foreign policy perspective, Trump has now transformed the vision on immigration into 'ideology'. The construction of the wall does not reflect the true foreign and immigration policy of the United States, however, there is a very good chance that it will do so in the future.
12/02/2019. 2019 will be a year marked by the slowdown of the world economy. The first signs of weakness are also beginning to be felt in Spain - a fall in private consumption, investment and industrial production - although we are far from a recession like that of 2008.
06/02/2019. The article 155 introduces into the very heart of the 'State of Autonomies' a mechanism of political solution, founded on the political will of the people, to the legal and political conflict and which has nothing to do with the 'conflict' with which independence seeks to legitimise the rupture of the constitutional order.
04/02/2019. The progressive expansion of market fragmentation clearly shows its consequences of slowing down economic activity, with Catalonia at the forefront. This is the catastrophic line of any politician who admits that key elements of the economic homogeneity of the whole territory are disappearing.
29/01/2019. The attempt to consolidate authoritarianism in Bolivia is entering its final phase. The Cuban, Venezuelan and Nicaraguan cases are sufficient evidence for Bolivians to opt for a timely exit, before Evo Morales ends up extinguishing the remnants of democracy and freedom that remain in the country.
25/01/2019. The political situation in Venezuela makes it necessary to take into account two aspects of the events that occurred on wednesday, January 23, 2019. Who is Juan Guaidó and why does he currently hold the Presidency of the National Assembly? And more importantly, why is his oath as president in charge perfectly constitutional?
24/01/2019. The presidency assumed by Juan Guaidó and already widely recognized - not by Spain or the EU - means making all the consequences of Maduro's illegitimacy effective. The democratic opposition has rebuilt its unity and leadership and is able to offer a transition project.
24/01/2019. The Constitution became the key with which Spain gained access to a new reality. This study integrates four essays that underline its value from four different perspectives: institutional quality, reconciliation agreement, Constitution and Europe, and the referential value of the Transition in Latin America.
23/01/2019. For the first time in a long time, a favorable situation has arisen for the cause of freedom and democracy in Venezuela. The lesson is clear: without credible institutions, the rule of law and effective limits on power, it is impossible to have freedom, democracy and economic growth.
23/01/2019. Gregorio Ordóñez was more than a political leader; he was a social leader to whom speaking clearly cost him his life. Javier Zarzalejos and María San Gil remember the scope of a figure and a legacy that represents the best political commitment.
22/01/2019. What lies behind Trump's decision to withdraw the US from the war against the Islamic state in Syria? The pressure for a regime change in Iran and support for Washington's allies in the Middle East - who can continue to count on diplomatic, economic and arms assistance - are powerful reasons.
21/01/2019. Last autumn the big European political families started the process of candidatures for the indirect election of the new President of the European Commission by placing their candidates at the top of the list. It is time to take stock of the Juncker Commission's management.
15/01/2019. Budgets deserves an amendment to the whole. The Spanish economy has sufficient springs to improve its behavior and they can only be activated with orderly, stable political action supported by the citizens. Extending this legislature is synonymous with postponing for a year the necessary reform process that Spain urgently needs.
08/01/2019. It is time to ratify the agreement to avoid a 'hard Brexit', with the focus on the Protocol on Ireland and the transitional period, and FAES analyses the main scenarios that the British lower chamber’s negative vote would trigger on 15 January.
14/01/2019. With all its limitations, the euro has fulfilled its role well. Now, in the face of a more uncertain economic scenario, it is essential to complete the missing elements in its financial and banking architecture. This must now be our absolute priority.
27/12/2018. The Spanish political system has consolidated itself as one of the best democracies on the planet and it seems common sense to recognize the role played by the Constitution of 1978.
26/12/2018. Catalan independence seeks to enter fully into the phase of the street rehearsal with its eyes set on the celebration of the trial against the imprisoned politicians, which would open the phase of secessionist culmination.
21/12/2018. Sánchez, the Government and the PSOE have given their political absolution to the coup and accept the non-existent right of self-determination, in the absence of finding a formula to give it to the nationalists.
12/12/2018. The Government’s response to the violent strategy that the CDRs are deploying with impunity in the streets is absurd and evasive, a way of pretending to do something. A 'non-response' that leaves a politically incapable and uncircumcised government in evidence. 400 police officers do not constitute the answer.
04/12/2018. Change is the winner of the Andalusian elections. A calm change, substantiated in the playing field of the Constitution, with a modernizing proposal. It must be interpreted correctly and with loyalty towards the voters.
01/12/2018. George H.W. Bush should be recognized as one of the world leaders who championed the peaceful transition from the end of the Cold War to a new world order in which the United States could exercise its world hegemony.
29/11/2018. The halfway point of Trump’s political cycle is a good time to review the decisions of his government, which has not lacked both criticism and praise, and which has placed the emphasis on energy independence, on the creation of wealth and employment, as well as on the reduction of the regulatory burden.
20/11/2018. Russia admires, envies, imitates and hates Europe in equal proportion. It has always been its most significant 'ther,” the mirror of its own identity. Their links are undeniable, but even more so their controversies, and their current relations are at once one of conflict and interdependence.
19/11/2018. It is time to put a firm, peaceful and external end to the regime, which is drowning in its own economic and management incompetence.
14/11/2018. Midterm elections in the USA are a thermometer, a pulse monitoring to the presidency. On this occasion, Democrats and Republicans consider themselves to have come out on top. Will the president change his tone? On what issues will the Democrats fight? Has the Republican Party definitely mutated?
07/11/2018. Democrats will be right to congratulate themselves on their victory in the House of Representatives, but they must seek answers to who, how and where to go by 2020. And Republicans will be right to settle for a sweetened defeat and adjust to the fact that, more than likely, Trump will be a candidate for the next presidential elections.
05/11/2018. The fiscal measures agreed upon by the Government with Podemos do not respond to any country strategy nor do they encourage investment, innovation or employment. After five years of economic growth, Spain continues to register the largest deficit in the euro zone, and on January 1st 2019 we will need to finance more than 500,000 million euros in public spending.
24/10/2018. Brussels cannot accept Italian demands. Rome has not assumed yet that it should be strongly self-critical about its decades of economic stagnation and stop blaming the European Union for the profound ills afflicting the country.
18/10/2018. If the negative dynamic is confirmed, eyes will turn to the federal government, which would have to take action on a grand coalition that does not seem beneficial.
04/10/2018. The Spanish economy has engaged in an evident process of deceleration fundamentally caused by the fall in exports and consumption (especially in Catalonia). This scenario is not necessarily irreversible, but it is key to regain credibility and confidence and eliminate elements of uncertainty.
03/10/2018. Multilateralism is being questioned by national-populism. In this sense, the OAS Secretary General's words about the possibility of intervening in Venezuela in accordance with international law were answered by those who prefer to ignore the liquidation of the rule of law and the brutal repression exercised by Caracas.
27/09/2018. Pedro Sánchez praised the way in which the Quebec case had demonstrated that "politics can give solutions to a secessionist crisis", but the canadian 'Law of Clarity' was established for a state that is recognized as divisible. Due to this substantial difference Stéphane Dion, creator of this law, has denied that it was applicable to Spain.