The 2013 FAES Campus has been a gathering devoted to study and analyse the most important ideas under discussion today in the world and in Spain. The new FAES report on tax reform was launched during the Campus. Furthermore, the Campus has analysed the reforms needed to consolidate and optimise economic recovery; the institutional reform, the strengthening of the Rule of Law and the territorial organisation of the State; the opening of negotiations for the creation of a transatlantic free trade area, the challenge of Europe before the crisis of the Welfare State and the time of change that Latin America is going through.
Directed by FAES Secretary General, Javier Zarzalejos, the Campus has hosted as speakers the Ministers of Defence, Pedro Morenés, of Education Culture and Sport, Jose Ignacio Wert, and of Industry, Energy and Tourism, José Manuel Soria. Other speakers were, among others, the regional president of the Community of Madrid, Ignacio Gonzalez; the president of the Government of Aragon, Luisa Fernanda Rudi; the former president of Mexico, Felipe Calderón; the president of the Instituto de Crédito Oficial, Román Escolano; the president of the CEOE, Juan Rosell; the British historian and writer, Hugh Thomas; the member of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Maria Corina Machado; and the President of the Council of State, José Manuel Romay Beccaría.
REFORMS FOR AN ECONOMY ON ITS WAY TO RECOVERY
The first course of the 2013 FAES Campus FAES, 'Reforms for an Economy on its Way to Recovery', led by FAES' Director of Economics and Public Policy, Miguel Marin, was devoted to analyse the structural reforms needed in Spain, the European monetary policy and the importance of a banking union in the eurozone, as well as the internationalisation of Spanish businesses and the Spanish industrial redevelopment goal. In addition to this, this course launched the FAES report 'Una reforma fiscal para el crecimiento y el empleo', which seeks a greater equity, greater efficiency and minimum distortions in the current tax system in order to increase the chances of growth of the Spanish economy.
The sessions were focused on establishing a diagnosis which defined, after the stabilisation of the Spanish economy, the keys to achieve economic recovery and for its consolidation and optimisation. Alongside this, the course discussed reforms that could give our economy a greater flexibility to adapt to a changing global economy, with lower production costs in order to achieve a greater competitiveness and rationality to optimise existing resources.
A NEW ATLANTIC RELATIONSHIP
The course on international politics, entitled 'A New Atlantic Relationship', and organised by FAES' director of the International department, Cayetana Álvarez de Toledo, addressed the opening of negotiations for the creation of a transatlantic free trade area with the aim if strengthening the leadership of the West at a time of serious challenges.
These Campus' conferences have brought together prominent Spanish and foreign politicians, scholars and experts to also discuss the essential importance of the Rule of Law and its disturbing decline in some Latin American countries, the battle for freedom waged by Cuban dissidents, the defence of Human Rights as a democratic thermometer of the Arab transitions, and Europe's challenge of before the crisis of the Welfare State and political disaffection.
ELEMENTS FOR STATE REFORM
The last course of the 2013 FAES Campus has been 'Elements for State Reform', coordinated by FAES' Constitution and Institutions director, Ignacio Astarloa. It proposed a reflection on the debates that have arisen in the last year about institutional reform, the strengthening of the Rule of Law and the territorial organisation of the State.
In this sense, elements for the implementation of these reforms have been provided as well as solutions for a better management of our Autonomies State, seriously challenged by separation projects or privileges that are inconsistent with the Constitution and the national cohesion necessary for Spain to overcome as soon as possible and in a stronger position its current situation. In addition, this course has examined how the defeat of terrorism and the preservation of the memory of its victims can be democratically and decently solved.
The 2013 FAES Campus has features in its conferences and round tables more than 60 guests, including Spanish and foreign scholars, politicians and analysts from over ten countries. To the names mentioned above, the Campus also received as speakers the Deputy Ministers for Justice, Fernando Roman, for Trade, Jaime García-Legaz, for Energy, Alberto Nadal, and for Public Administration, Antonio Beteta; the former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ana Palacio; the former President of the Constitutional Court, Alvaro Rodriguez Bereijo; the member of the National Transitional Council in Libya, Ahmed al-Zubair; the regional Minister of Health of the Community of Madrid, Javier Fernández-Lasquetty; and the national coordinator of Primero Justicia of Venezuela, Julio Borges.
In addition to these speakers, the sessions have also featured the participation of Professor of Economics and Strategy at the London School of Economics, Luis Garicano, Professor Emeritus at the University of Cologne, Juergen Donges, the director of the Real Instituto Elcano, Charles Powell, Professor of Political Science of the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Rogelio Alonso, Professor at IE Business School Fernando Fernandez and the chairman of the Business Forum thereof, José María Fidalgo.Journalists David Gistau, Santiago Gonzalez, Florencio Domínguez, Ángeles Escrivá and Ana Romero; Cuban blogger Yoani Sánchez, and columnist for the Argentine newspaper La Nación Carlos Pagni, among others, have also participated in the Campus.
Secretaria de Estado de Cooperación Internacional y para Iberoamérica