_ “Spain needs a deep reform of its legal system, a reliable energetic reform and to make its public administrations sustainable”
Manuel Pizarro, Chairman of IberCaja Foundation and former Chairman of Endesa, participated on Saturday, September 7 in the second session of the FAES Foundation and PP Summer School in Tarazona, where he stated that “the Welfare State is unrelinquishable, it is what allows us to achieve social peace. However, we need to rethink it, as an armoured Welfare State is a burden that could make us fall.”
During his address at the round table “Deepening Reforms”, Pizarro specified that “we need to devise the healthcare and education systems that we can provide, and what to do about unemployment and pensions.” “We are currently spending 35 000 million euros in debt interests, 35 000 in unemployment and 120 000 in pensions. It is nearly 200 000 millions that are already determined, and we need to take them into account before making any other investments”, he stated.
According to Pizarro, economist and State Attorney, Spain needs a deep reform of its legal system; a reliable energetic reform which emphasises cheap energy sources such as nuclear energy, and national ones such as coal and hydraulic energy; a change in public administrations that makes their size and portfolio of services sustainable; and the already mentioned reconsideration of the Welfare State.
John Müller, journalist, expressed himself along the same lines. He suggested as a solution a change of the concept of the Welfare State to what he called “a Welfare society.” “It is all about overcoming one of the greatest achievements of socialist philosophy: treating every citizen as if they were children. We need to change our speeches, because the Spanish competitive spirit is wrecked, as well as individual social responsibility”, he explained. “We like competition in sports, but not in economy and, without competitive spirit, there are no entrepreneurs”, Müller added.
Pizarro had previously defined corruption as the cancer of market economy: “whoever obtains a contract by paying a commission is stopping someone from doing it better, and that leads to inefficiency.
The discussion “The Challenges of Democracy. Populism and Public Opinion” was previously held by Benigno Pendás, State Councillor and Director of the Centre for Political and Constitutional Studies, and Narciso Michavila, President of GAD3, a sociologic research and communications consultancy. Both of them defended the Spanish electoral system as the vaccine against what Michavila defined as “political quacks.” “The results of both the D’Hont formula and the system of closed lists have been very positive. I always answer those who question the party system and defend the individual conscience of politicians by reminding them what a defector is”, he stated.
Michavila also talked about open lists. He said that they are “a presumed great panacea”, and that “they entail several risks, because they give power to those who have more money and therefore it can buy spaces and notoriety.” “The party team system fights against it, it refines itself so that the ones who finally make it are the best.”